Mathematics, High-Quality Instructional Materials
Leveraging HQIM to improve instructional effectiveness in the first year of teaching
Ask any teacher, the first year is hard. Strong preparation experiences can support new teachers in lightening the cognitive load and developing their ability to prioritize. The Tennessee High-Quality Instructional Materials (HQIM) network was a collaborative of four programs working together to make instructional effectiveness a priority for new teachers, lighten their load in the first year, and increase the likelihood that every student has equitable access to grade-level learning.
Listen to network participant Lindsey Hamilton, director of equity and program at Nashville Teacher Residency, explain how learning to identify and plan lessons using HQIM – entire curricula designed to support students in meeting college- and career-ready standards – leads to more equitable classroom experiences:
What We Did
Through a partnership with the Tennessee Department of Education, DFI facilitated this network, which included:
Our network approach brought together programs across the state that represent diverse institutional contexts–from traditional undergraduate, to residency programs, to Grow Your Own. This fostered more expansive thinking around how teachers could reach all students. Collectively, these four programs graduate about 20% of new teachers in Tennessee annually.
The HQIM assessment
Guided by principles of learning science, we developed an original assessment and tracked teacher-candidate understanding before and after completing training. Teacher-candidates had to analyze a series of instructional vignettes to determine which choice a teacher should make as they identified materials, prepared to teach a lesson, or interacted with students.
We created and implemented four modules that prepare future teachers to evaluate whether materials are high-quality, use them to deliver consistent, standards-aligned instruction, and explain why they’re important in fostering equitable and inclusive learning environments. Learn more in the video below:
"I never thought about truly sitting down and going over problems: 'This is how I could solve it, but also this other way.' As a student, you don't realize what goes into solving problems. Being in the teacher position, there's so much more: 'I've gotta know this but also be prepared for this.' I never realized that until I did these modules."
Hayley Waller, teacher-candidate
Our HQIM pre- and post-assessments of teacher-candidates produced the following takeaways:
- At the beginning of the network, candidates struggled to identify standards-aligned materials from unaligned activities and lesson plans found through Pinterest, Teachers Pay Teachers, or Google. They also struggled to distinguish between instructional decisions that would support students in meeting ambitious content learning goals and those that would not.
- After teacher-candidates completed all four modules, we saw meaningful gains in their ability to identify, analyze, and use HQIM. Across all candidates in the programs, we saw an average gain of +18 percentage points**, from 58% to 76% correct. The average individual candidate growth score was +25 percentage points**.
- Perhaps most importantly, at the outset of the network, only 45% of candidates endorsed instructional decisions that would support equitable access to grade-level learning. At the end of the network, 77% were able to do so (+32 percentage points**).
**Indicates significance at 95% confidence level.
Why This Work Matters
Shifting teacher preparation to meet the demands of today’s classrooms
The past decade has produced a dramatic shift in K-12 schools, as more and more districts adopt HQIM. Centering these materials in teacher preparation more closely aligns preparation with the realities of K-12 classrooms.
“I’ve been here 10 years, and the focus has been on creating things yourself. When I’m out in schools, mentor teachers say there’s a shift. There are better curriculums available. We’ve tried to focus in on that: ‘What are you looking for? What makes this high cognitive demand versus low?’ The HQIM [modules] put a process to it. I love the templates students are having to use, and the process of, ‘Let’s look at the questioning and the assessments, and prioritize where time is going to be spent.’”
Jennifer Meadows, Associate Professor, Tennessee Tech University
Elevating the intellectual work of teaching
Using HQIM is not about reading from a script. Skilled teachers engage in deep intellectual preparation to internalize the complex content and be ready to support their students with rich instructional tasks.
For example, teacher-candidate Alison Richards discusses what she learned from analyzing an instructional task to prepare a think-aloud: “Learning about think-alouds wasn’t something I had ever been introduced to until these modules. That idea of me showing students how I think when doing a task, I can see a lot of value in that. Because sometimes, students don’t know where to start. By giving an example, by thinking out your own thought process, it helps students find their own first words, or that opening hook, or how to annotate in a way that will give them the knowledge they need.”
Ensuring all students access rigorous content
Students don’t get to choose whether they have a novice or veteran teacher, and research consistently shows that students of color and students experiencing poverty are more likely to be in the classroom of a novice. Preparing future teachers to use HQIM increases the likelihood that their students will have access to rigorous, grade-level instruction. Additionally, HQIM help to lighten the planning load for new teachers, enabling them to focus on building relationships with students and families and think deeply about how they’re reaching and engaging every student.
“Students of color are given much less access to appropriately rigorous content across grade levels and subject areas,” says Lindsey Hamilton. “HQIM remove that gray area where implicit bias can take over and cause teachers to make instructional decisions based in fear and racism, biases that have harmful impact on Black and brown students.”
Related Tools and Resources
High-Quality Instructional Materials
High-Quality Instructional Materials